Sericulture :: FAQ's


1. What is the mulberry area as on date?
41624 acres / 30000 farmers (as on 18.02.2014)

2. What are the high yield mulberry varieties?
V1, MR2 and S series.
Leaf yield : Traditional variety (M5) - 12 M.Tons / acre
Improved varieties (V1) - 24 M.Tons / acre

3. What is the investment required to practice sericulture?
To cultivate 1.00 acre of mulberry, about Rs.80,000 – Rs.1,00,000 will be
required (as per NABARD unit cost) for plantation, shed, equipments, etc,.

4. How much will be the layings expected to be reared per acre per year?
800 – 1200 layings per acre per year.

5. What will be the net income expected through Sericulture?
Rs.60,000/ to Rs.75,000/- per year / acre (Average Rs.50,000/- per acre /

6. How many Technical Service Centres are in Tamil Nadu?
102 TSCs (Expansion) + 3 Seed Area TSCs

7. How many Silkworm Seed Production Centres (Grainages) are in
Tamil Nadu?
There are 11 State Govt + 2 Central Govt + 11 Private Grainages are
functioning in Tamil Nadu (Production : Total – 130 lakhs of which Govt –
60 lakhs / year)

8. How many Cocoon markets are in TamilNadu?
17 Cocoon markets

9.How many Mobile Cocoon Markets are in Tamil Nadu?
5 (Sathy, Kangeyam, Udumalaipettai, Palani & Veppanapalli)

10. How many Reeling units are functioning in Tamil Nadu?
Charka              79 units (233 devices)
Cottage Basin 162 units + 50 units (1044 devices) + 250
Multi-end          32 units (239 devices)
Total               273 units + 50 units (1516 devices) + 250 = 1766 devices
One Automatic silk reeling unit will be established at Gobi and for which
one cocoon market will also be established.
Automatic Reeling Unit :
400 ends (140 gm silk / end / shift) 112 kgs. silk / day in 2 shifts 34 M.Tons per year (300 days) @7:1 renditta 238 (04) 240 M.Tons of cocoons will be consumed for 1 unit.

11. What is the percentage of Cocoon Transacted in Tamil Nadu?
40-45 % of cocoons out of total production is being consumed by the TamilNadu reelers

12. What is the requirement of raw silk for Tamil Nadu?
About 1375 M.Tons per annum.

13. How much quantity of silk produced in TamilNadu?
Average 1000 to 1100 metric tons per annum.

14. What is the quantity of Bivoltine silk produced in Tamil Nadu?
250 - 300 M.Tons per annum.
Highest in India (25% of total silk production)

15. How much cocoon could be expected from silkworm rearing?
Average 60 to 70 kg. per 100 layings.

16. How many rearing could be conducted per annum?
Average 5 – 6 crops per annum.

17. How much quantity of silk is being transacted in Anna Silk Exchange, Kancheepuram?
14-15 M.Tons per month (150 M.Tons) 14% in total production.

18. How much quantity of silk is being transacted in TANSILK, Kancheepuram?
30 – 35 M.Tons per month (400 M.Tons / year)

19. What are the silk weaving clusters in Tamil Nadu?
Kancheepuram, Arani, Kumbakonam, Salem & Coimbatore.

20. How many persons could be employed through Sericulture?
5 persons through out the year, per acre.

21. With relation to training imparted to public by Public Authority
The following training programmes are imparted to public (Farmer)
through Sericulture Training Institute, Hosur
1) Local Seed Rearers Training
2) Bivoltine Seed Rearers Training
3) Chawkie Rearing Training
4) Farmers Training under various schemes
5) One day capsule training.

22. How may chawkie rearing centres in Tamil Nadu?
25 CRCs are functioning.

23. What is Sericulture?
Sericulture is a agro based cottage industry comprising mulberry and tassar in Keonjhar district.

24. What is Mulberry Sericulture?
Mulberry Sericulture comprises of two steps (a) Cultivation mulberry plant (b) Rearing of silk worm .

25. Which type of land can mulberry cultivate?
Sandy-loam or red-laterite soil is ideal for mulberry cultivation.

26. Where we get the silk worm of rearing?
Chowki silk worms supply to the farmer from mulberry rearers co-operative society of block level.

27. Who will give the technical assistance to the farmers?
Sericulture extension officer will supervise and give technical guidance to the farmers.

28. Where we sale our products ( cocoon ).
M.R.C.S ( Mulberry Rearers Co-operative Society ) will purchase the cocoons from the beneficiaries directly by giving immediate payment.

29. Where will we get the information?
Answer - In the block level from sericulture extension officer and district level Asst. Director of sericulture

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