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Agricultural Marketing & Agri-Business :: Markets & Co-Operatives

Co operatives

Functions of Registrar of Cooperative Societies
Co-operative marketing, processing and storage
Public Distribution System
Co operative education, research and training

Functions of Functional Registrar of Cooperative Societies
Statistical Data
Telephone Numbers
Websites of Important cooperatives


Cooperatives play an important role in the socio-economic development of the people of our country. The cooperative movement in India, particularly in Tamil Nadu, has taken deep roots in various sectors and is making a significant contribution towards economic development and social progress of the people.

Tamil Nadu occupies an important place in the history of cooperatives since the first cooperative societies for agricultural oan and consumer stores were established in Tamil Nadu. The cooperative societies play a vital role not only in gricultural development and consumer service, but also in sectors such as housing, textiles, dairy and fisheries which contribute significantly to the economic development of the state. At present there are 25,768 cooperative societies functioning in the state.

The importance that this Government attaches to the cooperatives is evident from the fact that two out of the three sterling schemes of the government for which orders were issued by the Hon’ble Chief Minister in the presence of public on the very same day of assuming office on 13.05.2006 relate to the cooperation department. The order of the government waiving all cooperative farm loans and interest thereon outstanding as on 31.3.2006 amounting to Rs.6866 crores to provide debt relief to a large number of farmers who have suffered on account of successive natural calamities is an unprecedented step that no other government has done for the farmers. Similarly the scheme of distributing rice at     Rs.2 per kg is implemented through 26,429 fair price shops run by the cooperatives. The government have entrusted the major responsibility of the successful implementation of these two schemes to the cooperatives and this reflects the faith that the government has on the role played by the cooperatives in the developmental process.



Tamil Nadu has the privilege of being pioneer in co-operative movement in the country. Co-operatives have been playing a vital role in the economic upliftment of the people, particularly the weaker sections in rural areas during the last hundred decades and more. The different types of co-operatives in the state serve the people in the diverse economic activities. Its growth in Tamil Nadu has been so spectacular that at present, there is particularly no major sphere of economic activity of the people which has not been touched by it.

Upto 1955, all types of co-operative societies in the State were under the administrative control of the Registrar of Co- operative Societies. Since 1956-57, certain types and functions of societies were transferred to the control of other Departments and statutory Boards from time to time, conferring on the Heads of these departments or Boards, as the case may be, the powers that of the Registrar. There are now forteen such Functional Registrars, besides the Registrar of Co-operative Societies.

The developmental activities covered by the co-operatives under the control of the Registrar of Co-operative Societies relate to credit for Agricultural Production & Development, Urban credit, Marketing and processing of agricultural produce, Distribution of agricultural inputs and supply of consumer good particularly essential commodities through Consumer cooperatives and implementation of Public Distribution System in the entire State and Co-operative Education, Technical Education and Training and Propaganda / Publicity.

Cooperative Credit
The cooperation department is mainly concerned with agricultural credit, market agricultural produce, distribute fertilizers and essential commodities and with the legal framework which governs the functioning of all cooperatives in the state of Tamil Nadu. The objective of the department is therefore to enable all the cooperatives that come within its fold to deliver services to the satisfaction of their members and public, to facilitate the functioning and the growth of all cooperatives.
The programme for the disbursement of loans by the cooperative societies for the year 2008-09 is given below.

Sl.No Loans (Rs. in Crores)
1. Short term loans 1500
2. Medium term loans 126.00
3. Long term agricultural loans 100.00
4. Jewel loans 8487.78
5. Non-farm sector loans and other loans 579.60

The activities of the cooperative societies in these schemes are furnished in detail in the following chapters.

Cooperative Credit Structure and its Performance

Cooperative credit institutions were evolved mainly to check the usurious practices of the moneylenders and to provide loans to various sections of the population. The short-term rural credit structure consists of three tiers with Tamil Nadu State Apex Cooperative Bank at the state level, district central cooperative banks at the district level and primary agricultural cooperative banks at the village level. The long-term credit structure consists of Tamil Nadu Cooperative State Agriculture and Rural Development Bank at the state level and primary cooperative agriculture and rural development banks at the Taluk / Block level. The cooperative urban banks provide banking services to the people in the towns and cities. 


Cooperative Marketing

The basic aims of cooperative marketing are to arrange for the marketing of agricultural produce of the agricultural members at a reasonable and remunerative price, to distribute farm inputs to the agriculturists, to advance loans on the pledge of agricultural produce, to undertake processing of the agricultural commodities and to help in better recovery of loans through linking of credit with marketing.

These objectives are fulfilled through 113 primary co-operative marketing societies functioning in Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu Cooperative Marketing Federation is the apex institution of cooperative marketing societies in all the districts except Nilgiris, Thanjavur, Tiruvarur and Nagapattinam. Thanjavur Cooperative Marketing Federation is functioning as apex society for the cooperative marketing societies in Thanjavur, Tiruvarur and Nagapattinam districts.

Tamil Nadu Cooperative Marketing Federation

Tamil Nadu Cooperative Marketing Federation was started in the year 1959. Tamil Nadu Cooperative Marketing Federation plays a vital role in the distribution of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The Federation has 38 godowns with a total capacity of 28640 MTs and 15 rental godowns with a total capacity of 4650 MTs. The Tamil Nadu Cooperative Marketing Federation operates two cold storage plants in Chennai, one at Koyambedu Wholesale Market complex with a capacity of 2500 MTs. and another at Basin Bridge with 1350 MTs. capacity.

The Federation acts as an agent of National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Ltd. (NAFED) for undertaking support price operations in Tamil Nadu. The Federation is also operating a fertilizer plant at Pamani in Tiruvarur District.

Marketing of Agricultural Produce

The cooperative marketing societies assist the farmer members to secure reasonable prices for marketing their agricultural produces. They function as a bridge between producers and consumers.
During the year 2007-08 the cooperative societies have marketed the agricultural produce to the tune of Rs.1130.11 crores upto 31.3.2008.


Organisational set up
In Tamil Nadu, consumer cooperatives have a three tier structure with Tamil Nadu Consumer Cooperative Federation at state level, cooperative wholesale stores at the district level and primary cooperative stores at the base level.

Tamil Nadu Consumer Cooperative Federation
Tamil Nadu Consumer Cooperative Federation procures crackers, stationery etc., in bulk and distributes them to the district cooperative wholesale stores, primary cooperative stores and cooperative printing presses.

Cooperative Wholesale Stores

The 34 cooperative wholesale stores in the state function as lead societies and play a vital role in the functioning of the public distribution system. They take delivery of essential commodities from the Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation godowns and distribute them to the public through their own shops and through the shops run by the primary societies.
Upto 31-3-2008, the cooperative fair price shops have marketed 12.36 tonnes of ooty tea and khadi products to the extent of Rs.2414.66 lakhs. These consumer stores have sold consumer goods to the tune of Rs.1988.81 crores.

Primary Cooperative Stores

In the State, there are 3324 primaries, which include students’ cooperative stores, employees' cooperative stores, women cooperative stores and other primary cooperative stores. These primary cooperative stores are engaged in distribution of quality consumer goods at reasonable prices to the public. They also function as the outlets for distribution of essential commodities to the public under the public distribution system.


Cooperative Printing Presses

The 26 cooperative printing presses functioning under the Cooperative Department are catering to the printing needs of all cooperatives, government, quasi government agencies, local bodies and the general public in Tamil Nadu. There are 12,688 members in the cooperative printing presses with a paid up share capital of Rs.2.05 crores.

Salt Workers Cooperative Production and Sale Societies

To uplift the living condition of the poor salt workers in the state, salt workers cooperative production and sale societies were formed. At present 11 salt workers cooperative production and sale societies are functioning.

Other Special Types of Societies

At present six barbers' cooperative societies and three washermen cooperative societies are functioning for the economic upliftment of these people from the weaker sections. There are also 34 cooperative canteens functioning in the state. The system of communication has entered into a new era with a lot of changes. To cope with the changes, a new special type of Cooperative society called "Chennai Thuritha Tappal Pattuvada Cooperative Society" has been established in Chennai district.

Labour Contract Cooperative Societies

Labour contract cooperative societies have been formed to eliminate the middlemen between the management and the labour, so that the members are able to get their entitlement of benefits from the management.
At present there are 113 labour contract societies in Tamil Nadu with a total membership of 34,325 labourers.

Development of Hill Tribes

For the benefit of hill tribes, 19 Large Sized Multi Purpose (LAMP) Cooperative Societies are functioning in Tamil Nadu. These societies have 81650 tribal members and 9841 non-tribal members. These societies provide interest free loans to the tribal people for cultivation and other productive purposes. Government provides financial assistance in the form of subsidy every year under the Tribal Sub Plan to the LAMP cooperative societies under various schemes, such as, share capital subsidy, interest subsidy, transport subsidy and subsidy for drivers pay and maintenance of vehicles.

The details of services rendered by the Lamp societies upto 31-3-2008 during the year 2007-2008 is furnished below.

  1. Loan Issue Rs.1799,72 Lakhs
  2. Purchase of Agricultural Products Rs.212,66 Lakhs.
  3. Supply of Agricultural inputs Rs.130.52 Lakhs.
  4. Collection of Minor Farmer Products Rs.22.72 Lakhs.
  5. Distribution of Consumer articles Rs.853.81 Lakhs.
  6. Subsidy sanctioned by Govt. Rs. 90 Lakhs (2007-08)


One of the primary duties of a welfare state is to ensure food security to its people. The government attaches utmost importance to ensure availability of quality rice to all, specifically to the poor and downtrodden at affordable price under the public distribution system. Keeping this in mind, this government immediately after assuming charge issued orders reducing the selling price of rice under public distribution system and Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) to Rs.2/- per kg with effect from 3-6-2006.

In Tamil Nadu, the public distribution system is operated through the fair price shops run by Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation and cooperatives. The cooperatives play a prominent role in the distribution of essential commodities to around 1.68 crore cardholders through an extensive network of 21644 fair price shops. In addition to this, the cooperatives are also running 5602 part-time fair price shops and 36 mobile fair price shops to serve the families in remote and inaccessible areas. There are 617 sub-retail outlets run by women and self help groups. The cooperatives also run 266 kerosene bunks to distribute kerosene in the state.

Under AAY scheme, 35 Kgs of rice is distributed to every cardholder per month. In our state 15.41 lakhs people are getting the benefit under this scheme through the fair price shops run by the cooperatives.

Women Fair Price Shops

With the intention of empowering women and enhancing their economic status, the government has ordered for handing over certain fair price shops to women self help groups under the control of the Tamil Nadu Women Development Corporation. As on 31-3-2008, women's self help groups run 617 fair price shops in the state.

Supply of Electronic Weighing Machines to Fair Price Shops

In order to ensure that the consumers get the correct quantity of essential commodities and to prevent under-weighment to the public, all the fair price shops in Tamil Nadu will be provided with electronic weighing machines in a phased manner. During the current year 2365 fair price shops were provided with Electric weighing machines at a total cost of Rs.100 lakhs. Financial assistance to the extent of Rs.11.50 crore has been granted to private electronic weighing machines to 23,600 fair price shops.


The Integrated Cooperative Development Project (ICDP) is being implemented in select districts with the main objective of improving the infrastructure available with the cooperatives and volume of business of the co-operatives. Under the scheme, financial assistance is provided through district central cooperative banks to agriculture and allied sectors like fisheries, poultry, dairy, handloom and rural industries etc. The scheme envisages the development of cooperative at all levels and cooperation among cooperatives to facilitate the overall development. Government provides financial assistance for the implementation of ICDP after availing loan assistance from NCDC.

The scheme is implemented over a period of five years. The ICDP scheme was implemented in the following 10 districts:-
Details of Projects completed (Rs. in lakhs)

S.No Name of the District Outlay
(Rs. In lakhs)
Year of Implementation
1. Virudhunagar 862.51 1989-95
2. Cuddalore Integrated South Arcot   1506.97 1992-97
3. Villupuram District                 
4. Coimbatore 1080.99 1995-2001
5. Dharmapuri 1160.25 1995-2001
6. Tiruvannamalai 816.58 1996-2001
7. Kancheepuram 1123.88 1998-2005
8. Ramanathapuram 687.03 2000-2004
9. Tiruchirapalli 1216.98 2002- 2008
10. Perambalur 937.84 2002- 2008
  Total 9393.00  

Details of Ongoing Districts

At present ICDP is being implemented in the following four districts.

S.No Name of the District Year of Implementation Total Outlay (Rs. In lakhs)
Amount released by Government
1. Thanjavur 2002-03 to till date 1101.09 1101.09
2. Tiruvarur 2002-03 to till date 1222.44 1222.44
3. Theni 2005-06 to till date 987.73 695.75
4. Thoothukudi 2005-06 to till date 942.08 638.49
 Total 4253.34 3657.77 

The detailed projects reports prepared by the consultants in respect of Salem, Erode, Madurai and Pudukkottai have been cleared by the State Level Coordination Committee and the NCDC. The administrative approved for implementation of the scheme in the alone districts is under consideration of the Government. As regards Thirnelveli District, the NCDC has given its approved and the detailed project report is under Examination.

The Government has related Dindigul, Karur, Vellore, Sivagangai and Nagaptattinam districts for implementation of ICDP in the next stage of assistance. The NCDC has given its Commerce for implementation of the scheme in the districts. Draft Project Reports for implementation of the scheme was under preparation by the appointed consultants. The Government has also selected the Nilgiris District for implementation of ICDP and the NCDC has given its approval in principle.


The Tamil Nadu Cooperative Union and the district cooperative unions are performing the functions of cooperative education, training, advertisements and propaganda in the state.

Cooperative Training

Training programmes are conducted for personnel working in the cooperative sector to upgrade their skills and abilities for achieving excellence in cooperative management and administration. There are 20 cooperative management training institutes in Tamil Nadu. These institutes conduct training in cooperative management, short term computer courses and jewel appraisal. In addition to these, job oriented and need based short term courses are also conducted by these institutes every year for the employees of cooperatives. Correspondence courses are also conducted for those cooperative employees who do not have the requisite cooperative training.

Higher Diploma in Cooperative Management

There are two Institutes for higher diploma in cooperative management, one at Chennai and another at Madurai.

Technical Education

In order to promote self-employment avenues among the unemployed youth, cooperative industrial training institutes are functioning at Bargur in Dharmapuri district, Pattukkottai in Thanjavur district and Tiruchuzhi in Virudhunagar district under the control of the Tamil Nadu Cooperative Union.
On an average 280 students get technical education in a year through these Industrial Training Institutes. A Cooperative Polytechnic College is functioning at Lalgudi in Tiruchirapalli District under the control of the Tamil Nadu Cooperative Union.

Cooperative Research

To encourage innovative ideas in the cooperative sector, the Tamil Nadu Cooperative Union has created a chair of Rs.5.00 lakh each in the Madras University, Madurai Kamarajar University, Bharathiar University and Annamalai University. Out of the interest earned on the investment of this deposit scholarships are awarded to the students doing research in the field of cooperation. The Tamil Nadu Cooperative Union is maintaining two funds namely Cooperative Research and Development Fund and Cooperative Education Fund. Every cooperative society which earns a profit contributes 3% of the net profit to the Cooperative Research and Development Fund and 2% of the net profit to the Cooperative Education Fund. This fund is utilized for the cooperative research, development, education, training and propaganda of the cooperative principles.


Number of Societies Functioning under the control of Functional Registrars

Sl. No. Name of the Functional Registrars No. of Societies
1. Registrar of Co-operatives Societies Housing) 997
2. Commissioner, Milk Prod & Diary Development 9041
3. Director of Handlooms and Textiles 1411
4. Director of Fisheries 1256
5. Registrar of AGRO. Eng. Services 211
6. C.E.O. Khadi and Village Industries 1100
7. Commissioner of Industries and Commmerce 301
8. Director of Veterinary Services 526
9. Commissioner of Social Welfare 103
10. Commissioner of Sugar 15
11. Director of Sericulture 26
12. Director of Oil Seeds 285
13. Director of Rural Development 45
14. Director of Palm products Development Board  


Number of Cooperative Societies

State Level

 Cooperative Societies


Tamilnadu Cooperative Union 1
Tamilnadu State Apex Coop. Bank 1
Tamilnadu State Coop. Agricultural and Rural Development Bank 1
Tamilnadu Coop. Marketing Federation 1
Tamilnadu Consumer Federation 1
Tamilnadu Federation of Coop. Urban Banks 1
District Level   Nos.
District Central Coop. Bank 23
District Coop. Whole Sale Store 34
District Coop. Unions 29
Coop. Printing Press 26
Institute of Coop. Management (11+9) 20
Thanjavur Coop. Marketing Federation 1
Primary Level   Nos.
Primary Agricultural Coop. Banks & FSCS 4460
Primary Coop. Marketing Societies 113
Large sized multi-Purpose Coop. Societies 1851
Primary Coop. Agriculture and Rural Development Banks 180
Coop. Urban Banks 121
Employees Coop. Credit Societies 1851
Urban Coop. Credit Societies 46
Primary Coop. Stores & Students Coop. 3256
Cooperative Canteen 31
Labour Contract Coop. Societies 113
Other Types of Coop. Societies  



Sl.No Name & designation Position Phone No.
1. Thiru. Ko.Si. Mani Minister for Co-operation 044-25673209 (O)
044-24937225 (R)
2. Shri. K. Shanmugam, I.A.S. Secretary, C, F & C P Department,
Government of Tamilnadu
044-25672224 (0)
044-24465657 (R)
3. Shri. Jatindra Nath Swain, I.A.S.    Registrar of Cooperative Societies 044-28364848 (O)
044-24792530 (R)
4. Shri.L.Sitharasenan. Additional Registrar (Consumer Acitivities) 28364849 (O)
26505353 (R)
5. N. Ashokan
Additional Registrar (Finance & Banking) 28364850 (O)
24323032 (R)
6. P.Rajendran Additional Registrar (ICDP) 28364852 (O)
7. Shri. L. Sitherasenan                      Addtional Registrar (MPD) 28364851 (O)
22355235 (R)
8. Shri.R.Rajendran Additional Registrar / S.O. TNCU 28364864 (O)
24919414 (R)




Cooperatives (Central) Websites
Milk cooperatives:
Cooperatives in India:
Gujarat State Fertilizers Co-operative Limited (GSFC)
Indian Farmers Fertilizers Co-operative Limited (IFFCO)
Krishak Bharati Co-operative Limited (KRIBHCO)
National Agricultural Co-operative Marketing Federation of India (NAFED)
National Co-operative Consumers' Federation of India Limited (NCCF)
National Co-operative Development Corporation (NCDC)
National Cooperative Housing Federation of India (NCHF)
National Co-operative Union of India
National Federation of State Co-operative Banks Limited (NAFSCOB)
Repatriates Co-operative Finance and Development Bank Limited
Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED)
State Cooperatives
Bihar State Co-operative Bank Limited (BSCB)
District Co-operative Central Bank Limited, Bidar, Karnataka
Girijan Co-operative Corporation (GCC)
Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Limited (AMUL)
Haryana Dairy Development Co-operative Federation Limited (HDDCF)
Haryana State Co-operative Apex Bank Limited (HARCOBANK)
Haryana State Co-operative Supply and Federation Limited (HAFED)
Himachal Pradesh State Handloom and Handicrafts Weavers Apex Co-operative Society Limited (HIMBUNKAR)
Jaipur Dairy
Kerala Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Limited (MILMA)
Kerala State Co-operative Coir Marketing Federation Limited (COIRFED)
Madhya Pradesh State Cooperative Dairy Federation Limited (MPCDF)
Madhya Pradesh State Co-operative Housing Federation Limited
Maharashtra State Co-operative Cotton Growers Marketing Federation Limited (MAHACOT)
Maharashtra State Co-operative Federation
Maharashtra State Co-operative Sugar Factories Federation Limited
Maharashtra State Co-operative Tribal Development Corporation Limited NA
Orissa State Co-operative Bank Limited (OSCB)
Punjab State Co-operative Milk Producers' Federation Limited (MILKFED)
Rajasthan Cooperative Dairy Federation (RCDF)
Tamil Nadu Cooperative Milk Producers Federation (AAVIN)
Tamil Nadu Handloom Weavers' Co-operative Society (Co-optex)
Tamilnadu Handicrafts Industrial Co-operative Marketing Federation
Uttar Pradesh Cooperative Sugar Factories Federation Limited
Agriculture, Cooperation, Fisheries and Animal Husbandry Department, Chhattisgarh
Co-operation and Civil Supplies Department, Lakshadweep
Co-operation Department, Maharashtra
Co-operation Department, Meghalaya
Co-operation Department, Punjab
Co-operative Department, Rajasthan
Cooperative Department, Tamil Nadu
Co-operative Department, Uttar Pradesh
Institute of Co-operative Management (ICM), Bhopal
International Co-operative Alliance Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ICAROAP)
Madhusudan Institute of Co-operative Management (MICM), Bhubaneswar
National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)
Sahakaar, Maharashtra
Social Safety Net Programme (SSNP)



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