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Indigenous Farming :: Almanac-Panchangam

Moon - Crop Cultivation Operations

Moon Opposite to Saturn:

The Moon, Earth and Saturn will be in the straight line once in 29.5 days. In other words the Moon and Saturn are opposite to each other, while the Earth is in-between. During this Day the plants will receive the forces from Moon and Saturn, which will impart pest and disease resistance to plants..(Saturn – for Silica force,Moon – for calcium force,) The following activities can be performed: 
1. Sowing, 
2. Transplanting, 
3. grafting, 
4. layering, 
5. spraying (mainly BD 501), 
6. manuring, 
7. harvesting, 
8. pruning,

Different Moon phases

Full moon day: 

This happens once in 29.5 days. On this day we will be seeing the full portion of the Moon that receives the light from Sun. The following activities can be performed: 
1, Sowing seeds - during cold seasons (rainy, cloudy) – for good germination. 
2, Spraying – liquid manures (foliar), pest control, fungal disease control.

New Moon day: 

This happens once in 29.5 days. On this day we cannot see the Moon, because the darker portion of the Moon will by facing Earth. The following activities can be performed: 
1, Sowing seeds - during hot weather (summer) – for good germination and vigorous 
growth. 
2, Transplanting of seedlings, 
3, Applying manures to the soil – Compost, Oil cakes, Vermi-compost. 
4, Pruning, 
5, Harvesting of root crops

Ascending period: 

The moon will be seen high in the sky and for longer period in the sky. The horizon/rising of the moon will be moving/shifting from Southeast to Northeast for 13 – 14 days. The following activities can be performed: 1, sowing of seeds – based on the final harvesting produce – selecting moon’s position in particular constellation/ zodiac (seed day, root day, leaf day & flower day). 2, Spraying 
a, BD 501, 
b, Pest control ( herbal extracts spraying), 
c, Liquid manure (foliar), 
d, Fungal control measures, 
e, CPP spray (foliar). 
3, Harvesting of all crops for storage - preferably on flower days.

Descending period: 

The moon will be seen low in the sky and for shorter period in the sky. The horizon/rising of
the moon will be shifting/moving from Northeast to Southeast for 13 – 14 days. The following 
activities can be performed: 
1, transplanting of seedlings - based on the final harvesting produce – selecting moon’s 
position in particular constellation/ 
zodiac (seed day, root day, leaf day & flower day). 
2, planting cuttings, 
3, pruning, 
4, harvesting root crops, 
5, making and application of compost manure, 
6, spraying BD 500 and CPP to the soil, 
7, soil application of liquid manure, 
8, burying horns for making BD 500,

Node days: These are the days when Moon crosses the Sun’s path at the equatorial region. Avoid all agricultural operations.

Apogee:

The day when moon will be far off from the Earth while moving in it’s elliptical path. All the activities suggested for New moon day can be practised. Good for planting Potatoes. Perigee: The day when moon will be closer to the Earth while moving in it’s elliptical path. All the activities suggested for Full moon day can be practised.

Moon in different Zodiac constellations

Seed/fruit day: These are the days while the moon crosses the zodiac constellations having the “Fire elemental influence”. By this moon draws the fire elemental effect from those zodiac constellations and radiates it over the earth. Hence these days have more influence over seed and fruit development and growth. These days are good for sowing (in ascending period) and transplanting (in descending period) any crop, which is meant for seed/ fruit production.

Root day: These are the days while the moon crosses the zodiac constellations having the “Earth elemental influence”. By this moon draws the earthy elemental effect from those zodiac constellations and radiates it over the earth. Hence these days will help in the development and growth of root portion of any plant. These days are good for sowing (in ascending period) and transplanting (in descending period) any root crop.

Flower day. These are the days while the moon crosses the zodiac constellations having the “Air/ Light elemental influence”. By this moon draws the Air/ Light elemental effect from those zodiac constellations and radiates it over the earth. Hence these days will help in the development and growth of flowers of any plant. These days are good for sowing (in ascending period) and transplanting (in descending period) any crop, which is meant for flower production.

Leaf day: These are the days while the moon crosses the zodiac constellations having the “Water elemental influence”. By this moon draws the water elemental effect from those zodiac constellations and radiates it over the earth. Hence these days will help in the development and growth of Leafy portion of any plant. These days are good for sowing (in ascending period) and transplanting (in descending period) any crop, which is meant for leaf production.

Sun in different Zodiac constellation:

These are the periods in which the sun in different zodiac constellation, that gives the particular elemental influence of that particular zodiac constellation to the Earth. It is possible to expect the particular elemental effect of the zodiac constellation in that period for the development of the plants.

The following guidelines will give you a good idea of the right time to plant what.

  • From New Moon to Full Moon (when the moon is getting bigger), annuals that produce crops above the ground should be planted. Examples of this would be tomatoes, cucumbers, squash, broccoli, and corn.
  • From Full Moon to New Moon (when the moon is getting smaller), biennial perennials, bulb and root plants should be planted. Examples of this would be onions, carrots, beets, and potatoes.
  • During the first quarter of the moon, plant annuals producing their crops above the ground, which are leafy and produce seed outside the fruit. Plants included would be asparagus, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, corn, lettuce, onions, and spinach. Also, grains seem to do best when planted at this time.
  • During the second quarter of the moon, plant annuals that produce crops above ground that vine and produce seed inside the fruit. Beans, eggplant, peas, peppers, squash, tomatoes and watermelon would be good examples.
  • During the third quarter of the moon, plant biennials, perennials, bulb and root plants. This would include crops planted in one season to winter over and produce next season. These would include berries, beets, carrots, garlic, onion sets, potatoes, radish, rhubarb, rutabaga, turnip, winter wheat and grapes.
  • During the fourth quarter of the moon nothing should be planted. Instead dedicate this phase to cultivation, pulling weeds, insect control, etc.

http://vegetablegardens.suite101.com/article.cfm/vegetable_gardening_by_the_moon


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