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Bio Technology :: GM Crops

GM CROP STATUS INDIA

Bt cotton is the first crop to be approved for commercial cultivation in India. The Bt cotton (Bollgard) was approved by the Government of India in 2002.  The area has steadily increased over the last six year and occupies more than 75% of the cotton growing areas.  With the adoption of Bt cotton, the production has risen from an average 150 lakh bales in 2002 to 270 lakh bales in 2007. The yield has also shot up from 300 kg per hectare to 500 kg.  As a result India has become the number two cotton producer in the world.

Area of Bt cotton in India

Year

Area (000 ha)

2002

50

2003

100

2004

500

2005

1,300

2006

3,800

2007

6,200

(ISAAA)

Approved Bt cotton events

  1. Bollgard I cotton Hybrids (Cotton Event 531-cry1Ac) - Mahyco Monsanto Biotech (India) Ltd
  2. Bollgard II - Monsanto Event MON 15985 - cryX (cry1Ac and cry2Ab)
  3. IIT – Kharagpur - cry1Ac gene gene (JK Agri Genetics Ltd.)
  4. Chinese Bt-cotton - fusion cry1Ac/cry1Ab Bt gene  (Nath Seeds)

 

Table: Approved GM crops Field trials during 2008

Crop

Altered trait

Gene

Organization

Brinjal

Insect resistance

cry1Ac

Mahyco, TNAU, UAS

Rice

Insect resistance

cry1Ac

Mahyco

cry1Ab, cry1Ac

Bayer

Cotton

Insect resistance

cry1Ac& cry1F

Dow AgroSciences

Insect resistance

cry1Ac and cry1EC

JK Agrigenetics Ltd.

Insect resistance and Herbicide tolerance

cry1Ac & cry2Ab and CP4EPSPS

Mahyco

Insect resistance

cry1C

Metahelix

Insect resistance

cry1Ac

CICR

Okra

Insect resistance

cry1Ac

Mahyco

Tomato

Increased lycopene

unedited NAD9

Avesthagen

(IGMORIS, 2008)

Other resources:

http://dbtbiosafety.nic.in/
http://igmoris.nic.in/
http://www.envfor.nic.in/divisions/csurv/geac/geac_home.html 
http://www.agbios.com

Source:

Fig: http://www.isaaa.org/RESOURCES/PUBLICATIONS/BRIEFS/35/EXECUTIVESUMMARY/images/
default_clip_image002_0002.jpg

 

 


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