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Rural women are the major contributors in agriculture and its allied fields. Her work ranges from crop production, livestock production to cottage industry. From household and family maintenance activities, to transporting water, fuel and fodder. Despite such a huge involvement, her role and dignity has yet not been recognized. Women‟s status is low by all social, economic, and political indicators.

Women‟s wage work is considered a threat to the male ego and women‟s engagement in multiple home-based economic activities leads to under remuneration for their work. Women spend long hours fetching water, doing laundry, preparing food, and carrying out agricultural duties. Not only are these tasks physically hard and demanding, they also rob girls of the opportunity to study. The nature and sphere of women‟s productivity in the labor market is largely determined by socio-cultural and economic factors. Women do not enter the labor market on equal terms when compared to men. Their occupational choices are also limited due to social and cultural constraints, gender bias in the labor market, and lack of supportive facilities such as child care, transport, and accommodation in the formal sector of the labor market.  Women‟s labor power is considered inferior because of employers‟ predetermined notion of women‟s primary role as homemakers. As a result of discrimination against female labor, women are concentrated in the secondary sector of labor market.

ZENITH International Journal of Business Economics & Management Research
Vol.1 Issue 1, Oct 2011, ISSN 2249 8826
Online available at http://zenithresearch.org.in/


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