Horticulture
Horticulture :: Vegetables:: Peas

Peas
Pisum sativum L.
Fabaceae

Varieties
Ooty 1, Bonneville, Arkel, Azad.

Ooty 1 VF5 Local & VF5

Soil
Well drained loamy soil with optimum pH range of 6-7.5. For flowering and pod set, a temperature of 12-15C is ideal.

Season
Sow the seeds during February - March and October - November in plains. Treat the seeds with Trichoderma@ 4 g/kg or Thiram or Captan@ 2 g/kg of seeds a to avoid seed borne diseases. Treat the seeds with Rhizobium culture @ of 2 kg and apply 2 kg Phosphobacteriaas soil application just before sowing.

Seed rate
100 kg of seeds is required for a hectare.

Spacing
45 x 10 cm.

Seed treatment
Treat the seeds with Trichoderma 4 g/kg or Thiram or Captan at 2 g/kg of seed to avoid seed borne diseases. Treat the seeds with Rhizobium culture at the rate of 2 kg and apply 2 kg Phosphobacterium as soil application just before sowing.

Preparation of field
Prepare the land to fine tilth.

Sowing
Sow the seeds at 45 x 10 cm in line

Irrigation
Once in a week.

Application of fertilizers
Apply FYM at 20 t/ha and 60 kg N, 80 kg P and 70 kg K/ha as basal and 60 kg N/ha on 30 days after sowing.

After cultivation
Weeding should be done 15 days after sowing. Subsequent weedings should be done as and when necessary. Stake the plants on 30th day of sowing.

Plant protection
Pests
Pod borer
Spray Azadirachtin 0.03% (300ppm) thrice at fortnightly intervals.

Aphids
Spray Methyl demeton 25 EC or Dimethoate 30 EC @ 1 ml/l of water or Cyantraniliprole 10.26 OD @ 0.6 ml/l of water.

Diseases
Powdery mildew
Spray wettable sulphur @ 2 g/l or dinocap @ 1 ml/l or dust sulphur @ 25 kg/ha thrice at 15 days interval.

Harvest
Harvest can be done on 75 days after sowing. High temperature during harvest affects the quality of peas.

Yield
8 -12 t/ha of pods can be obtained.

Market Information


Crop growing districts

Nilgiris, Dindigul

Major markets in Tamil Nadu

Mettupalayam,
Periyar Vegetable Market Koyambedu, Chennai
Gandhi Market, Oddanchathiram
Natchipalayam vegetable market, Coimbatore

Grade Specification

The edible-pods should be uniformly bright green (light to deep green but not yellowgreen), fully turgid, clean, and free from damage.

 

Updated on : December 2022
 
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