Horticulture :: Vegetables :: Chilli

Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.)

Conventional Nursery :

  • Selected soil should be worked well to break the clods and weeds, stones and stubbles should be removed
  • Height of the raised bed should be 10-15 cm with a width of 1m and length may be according to the requirement and convenience
  • Before preparing the bed, the soil should be drenched with 4% formaldehyde or 0.3% copper oxychloride to kill the pathogenic spores in the soil
  • Nowadays solarization of nursery bed with white polythene sheet can check the nematode infection and weed growth
  • Two parts of fine red earth, one part of sand and one part of FYM can be incorporated to each bed to improve aeration and fertility of the soil
  • Lines are made on the nursery beds at 10-15 cm distance and line sowing is practiced
  • After sowing the seeds are covered with fine sand or powdered FYM

Raised bed sowing

Protected nursery

  • Prepare the nursery area of 3 cents with slanting slope of 2 % for the seedling production to cover 1 ha.
  • Cover the nursery area with 50 % shade net and cover the sides using 40 / 50 mesh insect proof nylon net.
  • Form raised beds of 1 m width and convenient length and place HDPV pipes at 2m interval for further protection with polythene sheets during rainy months.
  • Mix sterilized cocopeat @ 300 kg with 5 kg neem cake along with Azospirillum and phosphobacteria each @ 1 kg.
  • Approximately 1.2 kg of cocopeat is required for filling one protay. 300 protrays (98 cells) are required for the production of 29,000 seedlings, which are required for one hectare adopting a spacing of 90 x 60 x 45 cm in a paired row system.

Protray sowing

  • Sow the treated seed in protrays @ 1 seed per cell.
  • Cover the seed with cocopeat and keep the trays one above the other and cover with a polythene sheet till germination starts.
  • After 6 days place the protrays with germinated seedlings individually on the raised beds inside the shade net.
  • Water with rose can everyday upto seed germination. Drench with 19:19:19 @ 0.5% (5g/l) at 18 days after sowing.


Chilli seedlings in portrays


Updated on Jun, 2023
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