Forestry Technologies


 A)  Environmental benefits
i)    Reduction of pressure on natural forests.
ii    More efficient recycling of nutrients by deep rooted trees on the site
iii)  Better protection of ecological systems
iv)  Reduction of surface run-off, nutrient leaching and soil erosion through impeding effect of tree roots and stems on these processes
v)   Improvement of microclimate, such as lowering of soil surface temperature and reduction of evaporation of soil moisture through a combination of mulching and shading
vi)  Increment in soil nutrients through addition and decomposition of litterfall.
vii) Improvement of soil structure through the constant addition of organic matter from decomposed litter.

B) Economic benefits

i)          Increment in an outputs of food, fuel wood , fodder, fertiliser and timber;
ii)         Reduction in incidence of total crop failure, which is common to single cropping or monoculture systems
iii)        Increase in levels of farm income due to improved and sustained productivity

C) Social benefits    

i)          Improvement in rural living standards from sustained employ­ment and higher income
ii)         Improvement in nutrition and health due to increased quality and diversity of food outputs
iii)       Stabilization and improvement of communities through elimination of the need to shift sites of farm activities.

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