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TNAU Agritech Portal :: Crop Insurance

Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS)

The objectives of the Scheme are as under: -

To provide insurance coverage and financial support to the farmers in the event of prevented sowing & failure of any of the notified crop as a result of natural calamities, pests & diseases.
To encourage the farmers to adopt progressive farming practices, high value in-puts and better technology in Agriculture.
To help stabilize farm incomes, particularly in disaster years.

In addition to Agriculture Insurance Company of India Ltd., Private sector insurance companies with adequate infrastructure and experience will be allowed on selective basis to implement the scheme by the implementing States from out of the companies short listed by the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation..


Food crops (Cereals, Millets & Pulses)
Annual Commercial / Horticultural crops

Ten years historical data is adequate for setting premium rates, fixing indemnity limit and threshold yield etc. Wherever such historical yield data at insurance unit is not available for some years, the data of nearest neighboring unit / weighted average of contiguous units / next higher unit can be adopted, subject to appropriate loading in the premium rate, if necessary.

Modified NAIS based on major improvements suggested by the Joint Group is to be implemented in 50 districts. These districts may be identified in consultation with the States/UTs.

All farmers* including sharecroppers, tenant farmers growing the notified crops in the notified areas are eligible for coverage.

Individual owner-cultivator/ tenant farmers/ share croppers
Farmers enrolled under contract farming, directly or through promoters / organizers
Groups of farmers / societies serviced by Fertiliser Companies, Pesticide firms, Crop Growers associations, Self Help Groups (SHGs), Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs), and Others the Scheme will extend coverage Component-wise

Compulsory Component
All farmers availing Seasonal Agricultural Operations (SAO) loans from Financial Institutions (i.e. loanee farmers) would be covered compulsorily.

Voluntary Component
The Scheme would be optional for all non-loanee farmers.


STANDING CROP (Sowing to Harvesting)
Comprehensive risk insurance is provided to cover yield losses due to nonpreventable risks, viz.:

Natural Fire and Lightning
Storm, Hailstorm, Cyclone, Typhoon, Tempest, Hurricane, Tornado etc.
Flood, Inundation and Landslide
Drought, Dry spells
Pests/ Diseases etc.

In case farmer of an area is prevented from sowing / planting due to deficit rainfall or adverse seasonal conditions, such insured farmer who failed to sow / plant (but otherwise has every intention to sow / plant and incurred expenditure for the purpose), shall be eligible for indemnity. The indemnity payable would be a maximum of 25% of the sum-insured. The scale of payment for different crops will be worked out by implementing agency in consultation with experts.


Coverage is available only for those crops, which are allowed to dry in the field after harvesting against specified perils of cyclone in coastal areas, resulting in damage to harvested crop. Further, the coverage is available only upto a maximum period of two weeks from harvesting. Assessment of damage will be on individual basis.

Losses arising out of war & nuclear risks, malicious damage and other preventable risks shall be excluded.


In case of Loanee farmers under Compulsory Component, the Sum Insured would be at least equal to the amount of crop loan sanctioned/advanced, which may extend up to the value of the threshold yield of the insured crop at the option of insured farmer. Where value of the threshold yield is lower than the loan amount per unit area, the higher of the two is the Sum Insured. Multiplying the Notional Threshold Yield (district/region/state level) with the Minimum Support Price (MSP) of the current year arrives at the value of Threshold Yield. Wherever Current year’s MSP is not available, MSP of previous year shall be adopted. The crops for which, MSP is not declared, farm gate price established by the marketing department / board shall be adopted. Further, in case of Loanee farmers, the Insurance Charges payable by the farmers shall be financed by loan disbursing office of the Bank, and will be treated as additional component to the Scale of Finance for the purpose of obtaining loan. For farmers covered on voluntary basis the sum-insured is upto the value of Threshold yield of the insured crop. If the farmer so desire he may be provided with higher level of risk coverage. Sum insured up to 100% of threshold/average yield of notified area with normal premium subsidy but sum insured above 100% and up to 150% of the value of average yield without premium subsidy.


Premium rates are to be worked out on actuarial basis. However, the premium paid by the farmer is subsidized on the following lines:
Subsidy to Farmers

Upto 2% Nil
2 - 5% 40% subject to minimum net premium of 2%
5 – 10% 50% subject to minimum net premium of 3%
10 –15% 60% subject to minimum net premium of 5%
15% 75% subject to minimum net premium of 6%.

Before the start of each crop season, insurance companies shall work out actuarial premium as well as net premium rates (premium rates actually payable by farmers
after premium subsidy) for each notified crop through standard actuarial methodology approved by the Govt. of India. Premium structure would be worked out with a discount provision on the premium in respect of an unit area where all farmers have adopted better water conservation and sustainable farming practices for better risk mitigation.

All claims will be borne by the Insurance Companies



The Scheme would operate on the basis of ‘Area Approach’ i.e., Defined Areas for each notified crop for widespread calamities. The Defined Area (i.e., unit area of insurance) is village/Village Panchayat level by whatsoever name these areas may be called for major crops and for other crops it may be a unit of size in between Village Panchayat to Taluka to be decided by the State/UT Govt. The scheme on pilot basis at reduced insurance unit area would be implemented in those villages/village panchayats where appropriate yield data are available at least for last five years at village panchayat or higher level or in neighboring village in different States.

In case of localized risks, viz. hailstorm and landslide, the claims will be assessed on individual basis. For other calamities the assessment will be on the basis of ‘area approach’.


The State govt./UT will plan and conduct the requisite number of Crop Cutting Experiments (CCEs) for all notified crops in the notified insurance units in order to assess the crop yield. The State govt./ UT will maintain single series of Crop Cutting Experiments (CCEs) and resultant yield estimates, both for Crop Production estimates and Crop Insurance. Planning and supervision for all CCEs will be of the same order as that of General Crop Estimation Surveys (GCES). CCEs shall be undertaken per unit area /per crop, on a sliding scale, as indicated below:

S. No Insurance Unit Minimum sample size of CCEs
1. District 24
2. Taluka / Tehsil / Block 16
3. Mandal / Phirka / Revenue Circle /
Hobli or any other equivalent unit
4. Village Panchayat 08

However, a Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) comprising representatives from Indian Agricultural Statistical Research Institute (IASRI), National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO), Ministry of Agriculture (GoI) and implementing agency shall be constituted to decide the sample size of CCEs and all other technical matters. Inputs from satellite imagery could also be utilized in deciding sample size. In instances where required number of CCEs could not be conducted due to non-availability of adequate cropped area, the yield data for such units can be generated by Insurer by proxy indicators, such as clubbing with neighbouring / contagious units, adopting yield of next higher unit, yield data generated by correction / correlation factor with next higher unit, etc.Alternative yield assessment techniques, such as satellite imagery, agrometeorological and bio-metric and a combination of such techniques, etc. can be explored and adopted after establishing reasonable level of standardization.

Three levels of Indemnity, viz., 90%, 80% & 70% corresponding to Low, Medium & High Risks areas respectively shall be available for all crops. The criteria for deciding low and high risk will be determined by implementing agency.The Threshold yield (TY) or Guaranteed yield for a crop in a Insurance Unit shall be the average yield of the preceding 7 years excluding the year(s) in which a natural calamity such as drought, floods etc. may have been declared by the Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS) 7
concerned Government/authority, multiplied by level of indemnity. However, it may be ensured that at least 5 years' yield data is available for calculating the threshold yield.


If the 'Actual Yield' (AY) per hectare of the insured crop for the defined area [on the basis of requisite number of Crop Cutting Experiments (CCEs)] in the insured season, falls short of the specified 'Threshold Yield' (TY), all the insured farmers growing that crop in the defined area are deemed to have suffered shortfall in their yield. The Scheme seeks to provide coverage against such contingency.

In case of adverse seasonal conditions during crop season, claim amount upto 25 percent of likely claims would be released in advance subject to adjustment against the claims assessed on yield basis. The on account payment will be considered only if the expected yield during the season is less than 50 percent of normal yield. The criteria for deciding on-account payment of claims shall be based on proxy indicators such as weather, agro-meteorological data / satellite imagery/acreage damaged or such other indicators to be decided by the Government, and will be implemented in States and for crops for which such proxy indicators can be established.

The extent of claims payable will be decided in respect of the insurance unit area on the basis of rainfall position issued by the concerned Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) for the area during the sowing season and acreage-sown particulars issued by the State Government. Other authentic rain gauge stations which the government shall install for the purpose/ insurer/ insurer nominated agencies can also be considered for the purpose of measuring rainfall. The maximum claims payable will be 25 percent of the suminsured. Having received indemnity based on prevented sowing / planting, the insurance cover is automatically terminated.

Coverage is available only for those crops, which are allowed to dry in the field after harvesting against specified perils of cyclone in coastal areas, resulting in damage to harvested crop lying in the field in 'cut & spread' condition. In other words, the crop, which after harvest is left in the field for drying, is only covered against the peril specified above. The state/ UT concerned will bring out the list of such crops in consultation with Implementing Agency. The harvested crop bundled and heaped at a place before threshing is beyond coverage under post harvest losses. Further, the coverage is available only upto a maximum period of two weeks (14 days) from harvesting. Assessment of damage will be on individual basis.

The losses would be assessed on individual basis in case of loss / damage resulting from occurrence of identified localized risks viz., hailstorm and landslide. The cost of inputs incurred until the time of occurrence of peril, and the expected loss in final yield due to the peril, would form the basis for loss assessment. In case of localized risks, implementing agency may utilise the services of concerned departments of the State government, such as Agriculture, Revenue etc.

Rural agents and others who are engaged for procuring and servicing business of farmers may be paid appropriate commission as decided by implementing agency. The servicing banks are allowed at present, 2.5% of gross premium under NAIS as service charges.

Efforts will be made by the implementing agency to obtain appropriate reinsurance cover for the Scheme in the national / international reinsurance market. In the event of failure to procure such cover at competitive rates, and in case premium to claims ratio exceeds 1 : 5, at national level, the Government would provide protection to insurance company. A Catastrophic Fund at the national level would be set up for this purpose, which would be contributed by the Centre and the State Governments on 50 : 50 basis. The overall loss
exceeding 500% would be met out of this fund.

The Scheme will be reviewed after two years and necessary modifications will be incorporated based on the review.

(a) The banks will display the list of all insured farmers at the village panchayat office. Further, the banks will also display the list of benefited farmers together with claim amount soon after the claims are received from implementing agency.

(b) Implementing agency possesses the discretion to accept or reject any risk of defined area(s) for any crop(s) considering the prevailing agricultural situation. Mere sanctioning / disbursement of crop loans and submission of proposals/ declarations and remittance of premium by the farmer / bank without explicit intent to raise the crop, does not constitute acceptance of risk by implementing agency.

(c) In the event of near total crop failure during early or mid season affecting the entire defined area, implementing agency shall adopt a graded scale indemnity settlement restricting the indemnity to the proportion of input cost upto that stage. The graded scale shall be worked out by implementing agency.

(d) Implementing agency, if deemed necessary, shall investigate the coverage on its own or by an agency appointed for the purpose and shall for this purpose utilize satellite imagery data for identification of anomalies in crop insurance coverage vis-à-vis actual field conditions. Upon identification of adverse phenomenon based on such investigations, implementing agency may resort to scaling down of sum insured.

The Scheme is expected to:
• Be a critical instrument of development in the field of crop production, providing financial support to the farmers in the event of crop failure.
• Encourage farmers to adopt progressive farming practices and higher technology in Agriculture.
• Help in maintaining flow of agricultural credit.
• Provide significant benefits not merely to the insured farmers, but to the entire community directly and indirectly through spillover and multiplier effects in terms of maintaining production & employment, generation of market fees, taxes etc. and net accretion to economic growth.
• Streamline loss assessment and enable expeditious settlement of claims.Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS)

The proposed scheme shall be monitored closely at the levels of District, State & Nation by the State Govt., the Implementing Agencies & GOI. As the proposed Modified NAIS is to be implemented on the pilot basis in 50 districts, independent evaluation of the scheme shall be carried out after two years of implementation. Evaluation has been considered as an essential aspect of the formulation and execution of this scheme which is essential for the assessment of the progress & impact of programmes and for analysis of the reasons for success or failure and indication of the direction of improvement in programmes' operation. Keeping this in view, an independent evaluation of Pilot Modified NAIS may be carried out through study for assessing the impact and success of the scheme with respect to the set objectives and based on the findings of the evaluation study, possibility to extend the scheme to implement in all the districts in place of NAIS during 12th Five Year Plan would be examined.

Updated on Oct, 2014


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