Seed Treatment :: Insecticides & Fungicides


Insecticide and Fungicide seed treatment

Seed treatment is a term that describes both products and processes. The usages of specific products and specific techniques can improve the growth environment for the seed, seedlings and young plants. Seed treatment complexity ranges from a basic dressing to coating and pelleting.

1. Seed dressing: This is the most common method of seed treatment. The seed is dressed with either a dry formulation or wet treated with a slurry or liquid formulation. Dressings can be applied at both farm and industries. Low cost earthen pots can be used for mixing pesticides with seed or seed can be spread on a polythene sheet and required quantity of chemical can be sprinkled on seed lot and mixed mechanically by the farmers.

2. Seed coating: A special binder is used with a formulation to enhance adherence to the seed. Coating requires advanced treatment technology, by the industry.

3. Seed pelleting: The most sophisticated Seed Treatment Technology, resulting in changing physical shape of a seed to enhance pelletibility and handling. Pelleting requires specialized application machinery and techniques and is the most expensive application.


Recommendation of seed treatment for different crops

S.No. Name of Crop Pest/Disease Seed Treatment Remarks
 1. Sugarcane Root rot, wilt Carbendazim (0.1%) 2 gm/kg seed
Trichoderma spp. 4-6 gm/kg. seed
For seed dressing metal seed dresser/earthern pots or polythene bags are used.
 2. Rice Root rot disease other insects/pestsBacterial shealth blight Trichoderma 5-10 gm/kg. seed (before transplanting)
Chloropyriphos 3gm/kg seed.Pseudomonas flourescens 0.5% W.P. 10 gm/kg.
-do-
 3. Chillies Anthracnose spp.
Damping off
Seed treatment with
Trichoderma viride 4g/kg, Carbandazim @ 1g/100 gm seed.
-do-
 4.   Soil borne infection of fungal diseaseJassid, aphid, thrips Trichoderma viride @ 2 gm/kg. seed and
Pseudomonas flourescens, @10gm/kg. Captan 75 WS @ 1.5 to 2.5 gm a.i./litre for soil drenching.
Imidacloprid 70 WS @ 10-15 gm a.i./kg seed
-do-
 5. Pigeon pea  Wilt,
Blight and Root rot
Trichoderma spp. @ 4 gm/kg. seed For seed dressing metal seed dresser/earthern pots or polythene bags are used.
 6. Pea Root rot White rot Seed treatment with
  1. Bacillus subtilis
  2. Pseudomonas  fluorescens
Soil application @ 2.5 – 5 kg in 100kg FYM
  or  
  1. Carbendazim or Captan 2 gm/kg. seed
Thiram+Carbendazim 2gm/kg seed
Carbendazim or Captan 2gm/kg seed
-do-
 7. Bhendi Root knot nematode  Paecilomyces lilacinus and Pseudomonas  fluorescens @ 10 gm/kg as seed dresser. -do-
 8. Tomato Soil borne infection  of fungal disease
Early blight
Damping offWilt
T. viride @ 2 gm/100gm seed.
Captan 75 WS @ 1.5 to 2.0 gm a.i./litre for soil drenching.Pseudomonas fluorescens  and V. clamydosporium @ 10gm/kg as seed dresser.
For seed dressing metal seed dresser/earthern pots or polythene bags are used.
 9. Coriander Wilt Trichoderma viride @ 4 gm./kg seed. -do-
 10. Brinjal Bacterial wilt Pseudomonas  fluorescens @ 10gm/kg. -do-
 11. Leguminous Vegetables Soil borne infectionNematode Trichoderma viride @ 2 gm/100gms. seed.Carbofuran/Carbosulfan 3% (w/w) -do-
 12. Sunflower Seed rotJassids, Whitefly Trichoderma viride @ 6 gm/kg  seed.Imidaclorprid 48FS @ 5-9 gm a.i. per kg. seedImidacloprid 70WS @ 7 gm a.i. per kg. seed  -do-
 13. Wheat TermiteBunt/False smut/loose smut/covered smut Teat the seed before sowing with any one of the following insecticides.
i) Chlorpyriphos @ 4 ml/kg seed or Endosulfan @ 7ml / kg seedsThiram 75% WP
Carboxin 75 % WP
Tebuconazole 2 DS @ 1.5 to 1.87 gm a.i. per kg seed.
T. viride 1.15 % WP @ 4 gm/kg.
 14. Cruciferous  vegetables
(Cabbage, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Knol-khol, radish)
Soil / Seed  borne  diseases (Damping off)Root knot nematode Seed treatment with Trichoderma viridi  @ 2 g / 100 g  seeds
Captan 75% WS @ 1.5 to 2.5 gm a.i./litre for soil drenching.Pseudomonas  fluorescens and Verlicillium clamydosporium @ 10gm/kg seed as seed dresser
-do-
 15. Gram Wilt and damping off Seed treatment with Trichoderma viridi 1% WP @ 9 gm/kg seeds
Combination of Carbendazim with carbosulfan @ 0.2% Carbendazim with Thiram with carbosulfan @ 0.2%
Treat the seed with Chlorpyriphos 20 EC @ 15-30 ml a.i./kg seed.
 16. Potato Soil and Tuber borne diseases Seed treatment with MEMC 3% WS @ 0.25% or boric acid 3% for 20 minuts before storage.
 17. Barley Loos smut
Covered smut
Leaf stripeTermite
Carboxin 75% WP
Thiram 75% WP @ 1.5 to 1.87 gm a.i./kg seed. Treat the seed with Chlorpyriphos @ 4 ml/kg seed.
 18. Capsicum Root knot nematode Pseudomonas fluorescens 1% WP, Paecilomyces lilacirius and Verticillium chlamydosporium 1% WP @ 10g/kg as seed dresser.

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