Seed Certification
Seed Certification :: Quality Control

 

SEED QUALITY CONTROL

As per the section 6 (a) of the seeds Act 1966 the minimum limits of germination and purity standards have been notified for different kinds and according to section 6 (b) of the act a mark or label should be attached with the seed container with required particulars.

Under section 7 of the said act the sale of seeds of notified kinds and varieties are regulated. Every person selling seeds should sell seeds

  • Which are identifiable to its kind and variety.
  • Should posses the minimum required seed standards for germination, physical purity and genetic purity.
  • Should affix a mark or label with correct particular to the seed container.
  • Should carryout such other instruction given by the State Government as prescribed under rules.
  • Also under Rule -13 there are some requirements for every dealer to comply with

    1. No. person shall keep for sale any seed after the date of its validity
    2. The mark of label should not be tampered
    3. Every person selling seeds should keep complete lot wise records of seeds for atleast for a period of three year which also include a seed sample from each lot which may be kept for one year.

    Notified seed inspectors inspect the seed selling points to verify the quality of the seeds. They also draw seed samples when they suspect the quality of the seeds being sold. Seeds are then, sent to Seed Testing Laboratories for analysis. Legal actions are initiated against the defaulters based on the analytical results. Seed selling licenses are issued under Seed Control Order 1983. Seed Inspectors also take appropriate action as and when complaints are received from farmers.

    Role of farmers in maintaining the quality of seeds

    Farmers should purchase the seeds only in the licensed seed selling points. Verify the details furnished in the producers label attached to the seed bag.
    The label should possess the following details
    SL.No.
    Crop
    Variety
    Lot No.
    Date of Test (Date/Month/Year)
    Validity period (Date/Month/Year)
    Germination %( Minimum)
    Physical purity (Minimum)
    Genetic purity (Minimum)
    Net weight
    Chemical used for seed treatment
    Name and address of the producer

    (Caution in red ink should be furnished for Name of the chemical, and “Do not use for Food, Fodder, or Oil purpose)

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    Certified seed Tag

    When the farmers suspect the quality, they should report the matter to the concerned seed Inspector. Further they should keep with them the tag, label and the container of the seed bag. If the seeds do not germinate properly, the fact should be reported to the seed inspector concerned.

    Whenever the farmers purchase seeds they should verify the variety and its performance. They should avoid purchasing un notified varieties.

    The farmers should obtain receipt for the purchase of seeds without fail. In the receipt, details on variety, Lot number and validity period should be verified at the time of purchase.

    Seed testing

    Seed testing is the science of evaluating the planting value of the seeds. The primary aim of the seed testing is to obtain accruable and reproducible results regarding the quality status of the seed samples submitted to the Seed Testing Laboratories.

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    1. Service samples for the farmers, producers and sellers on payment of cost @ Rs. 30/- per sample to know the seed standard of their seeds. This type of samples is drawn and send to the seed testing lab by the Farmers, Producers and the sellers to know their seed standards.

    b

     

    The samples received from the three categories are analysed and results are communicated to the concerned within 30 days from the date of receipt of the samples.

    Anybody including farmers can test their samples for it standard before the seeds are being certified, sold or sown.

    2. Certified samples for certification purposes on payment of Rs. 20/- per sample by the producers as testing charges collected at the time of registration.

    This type of samples is drawn by the certification officers and send them to the seed testing lab through the Assistant Director of Seed Certification with a secret code No. On receipt of the results the code will be decoded by the ADSC and then the results are sent to the producer for further certification procedure to be completed.

    2. Official samples for the quality control purpose at government cost. This type of samples are drawn by the seed inspectors for the quality control as per the seed control order and Seed act to assure the availability of quality seeds to the farming community.

    The seed samples received in the Seed Testing Laboratories are analysed and results are communicated to the concerned.
    The following tests are conducted

    • Germination
    • Physical purity
    • O.D.V.( Other Distinguishable Variety)
    • Moisture

    The Seed Testing Laboratory is the hub of seed quality control. Seed testing services are required from time to time to gain information regarding planting value of seed lots. Seed testing is possible for all those who produce, sell and use seeds.

     Minimum seed standards

    Sl.No

    Crop

    Submitted sample
    (in gm)

    Working sample

    Phy. purity
    %

    Germi-
    nation %

    Moisture
    %

    O.D.V.

    CS

    SS

    FS

    C

    I

    Cereals &Millets

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    1.

    Paddy

    400

    50

    40

    98

    80

    13

    0.05

    0.2

    2.

    Cumbu- Hy & var

    150

    25

    15

    98

    75

    12

    0

    0

    3.

    Ragi

    60

    25

    6

    97

    75

    12

    0

    0

    4.

    Sorghum- Hy & var

    900

    100

    90

    98

    75

    12

    10/kg

    20/kg

    5.

    Maize - inbreds

    1000

    500

    900

    98

    80

    12

    0

    5/kg

     

    Maize - others

    1000

    500

    900

    98

    90

    12

    5/kg

    10/kg

    6.

    Barley

    1000

     

    120

    98

    85

    12

    10

    20

    7.

    Oats

    1000

     

    120

    98

    85

    12

    10

    20

    8.

    Wheat

    1000

     

    120

    98

    85

    12

    0

    0

     

    Pulses

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    9.

    Redgram-Hy &var

    1000

    150

    300

    98

    75

    9

    10

    20

    10.

    Black gram

    1000

    100

    150

    98

    75

    9

    10

    20

    11.

    Green gram

    1000

    100

    120

    98

    75

    9

    10

    20

    12.

    Cowpea

    1000

    150

    400

    98

    75

    9

    5

    10

    13.

    Bengal gram

    1000

    400

    1000

    98

    85

    9

    5

    10

    14.

    Horse gram

    500

    100

    500

    98

    80

    9

    5

    10

    15.

    Peas

    1000

    250

    900

    98

    75

    9

    5

    10

    16.

    French bean

    1000

    450

    700

    98

    75

    9

    5

    10

    17.

    Field bean

    1000

    450

    600

    98

    75

    9

    0

    0

     

    Oil seeds

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    18.

    Ground nut

    1000

    500

    1000

    96

    70

    9

    0

    0

    19.

    Sunflower-V/Hy

    1000/250

    100

    250/125

    98

    70

    9

    0

    0

    20.

    Gingelly

    70

    25

    7

    97

    80

    9

    10

    20

    21.

    Castor

    1000

    250

    1000

    98

    70

    8

    5

    10

    22.

    Soybean

    1000

    150

    500

    98

    70

    12

    10

    20

     

    Fibre crops

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    23.

    Cotton (Hy)

    350-L
    250-DL

    200
    100

    35
    25

    98

    65

    10

    0

    0

     

    cotton (var)

    1000-L
    350-DL

    350
    150

    350
    35

    98

    65

    10

    0

    0

     

    Vegetable crops

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    24.

    Ash gourd

    700

    100

    70

    98

    60

    7

    0

    0

    25.

    Bittergourd V/Hy

    1000

    250

    450

    98

    60

    7

    5

    10

    26.

    Bottle gourd

    700

    100

    70

    98

    60

    7

    0

    0

    27.

    Ridgegourd Hy/var

    1000

    150

    400

    98

    60

    7

    5

    10

    28.

    Snakegourd

    1000

    250

    250

    98

    60

    7

    0

    0

    29.

    Watermelon V/Hy

    1000

    100

    250

    98

    60

    7

    5

    10

    30.

    Cucumber V/hy

    150

    100

    70

    98

    60

    7

    0

    0

    31.

    Pumpkin V/Hy

    350

    100

    180

    98

    60

    7

    0

    0

     

    Fruit vegetables

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    32.

    Brinjal V/Hy

    150

    10

    15

    98

    70

    8

    0

    0

    33.

    Chillies

    150

    10

    15

    98

    60

    8

    0

    0

    34.

    Bhendi

    1000

    100

    140

    99

    65

    10

    10

    20

    35.

    Tomato V/Hy

    7(hy),70

    10

    7

    98

    70

    8

    0

    0

    36.

    Greens

    70

    50

    7

    95

    70

    8

    10

    20

     

    Cole crops

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    37.

    Cabbage

    100

    10

    10

    98

    70

    7

    0

    0

    38.

    Caulliflower

    100

    10

    10

    98

    65

    7

    0

    0

    39.

    Knol kohl

    100

    10

    10

    98

    70

    7

    0

    0

     

    Bulb crops

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    40.

    Onion V/Hy

    80

    10

    80

    98

    70

    8

    0

    0

     

    Root crops

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    41.

    Carrot V/Hy

    30

    10

    3

    95

    60

    8

    5

    10

    42.

    Beet root

    500

    50

    50

    96

    60

    9

    0

    0

    43.

    Radish V/Hy

    300

    50

    30

    98

    70

    6

    0

    0

    44.

    Turnip V/Hy

    70

    10

    7

    98

    70

    6

    0

    0

    45.

    Cluster bean

    1000

    100

    100

    98

    70

    9

    10

    20

     

    Forage crops

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    46.

    Sunhemp

    700

    50

    70

    98

    80

     

    0

    0

    47.

    Daincha

    900

    25

    90

    98

    70

     

    0

    0

    48.

    Lucerene

    50

    25

    5

    98

    80

    10

    0

    0

    49.

    Cenchrus

    25

     

    3

    80

    30

    10

    0

    0

    50.

    Stylosnathus

    70

     

    7

    90

    40

    10

    10

    20

    51.

    Kolinji

     

     

    90

     

    70

     

    0

    0

     

    Miscellaneous

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    52.

    Palak

    250

    25

    25

    96

    60

    9

    0

    0

    53.

    Spinach

    250

    25

    25

    98

    70

     

    0

    0

    54.

    Papaya

    400

     

    40

    98

    60

    12

    0

    0

    55.

    Moringa

    1000

     

    750

    96

    70

    8

    0

    0

    56.

    Coriander

    400

     

    40

    95

    65

     

    0

    0

    ODV: Other Distinguishing Variety
    CS-Certified Sample; SS-Service Sample; FS – Foundation Seed
    HY-Hybrid; Var-Variety

     
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