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Organic Farming :: Farmers Experience in Organic Farming  
AvUttam (Panchakavya)

This is a solution that has five products from cow’s milk, curds, ghee, dung and urine.  This solution helps increase the population of beneficial microorganisms and acts as a good catalyst for plant growth. 

Ingredients:  5 kg dung, 3 liters urine, 2 liters fermented curds, 2 liters milk, 500ml ghee, 1 kg jiggery, 1kg arasu fruit (or other fruit), 3 liters tender coconut, 10-12 pUvan or other varieties of banana (or similar quantity of other fruit), and 3 to 5 liters of water.

Preparation:  Mix dung, jiggery, and ghee that has been melted and cooled.Knead it well.  Cover this mixture with moist cloth for four days.  Knead it once daily.  On the fifth day add the remaining ingredients to this and let it ferment for fifteen days.  (Add sufficient quantity of cattle urine and water). In twenty days you will find nice-smelling AvUttam.

Usage:  Mix one liter of this with 35-50 liters water (2-3% solution) and spray.  Or, mix 5-10 liters per acre with irrigation water.  It provides all kinds of micronutrients, enhances plant growth, repels insects, and helps increase disease resistance in plants.  Panchakavya given in temples is not fermented.  Also, it only has the five ingredients from the cow. 

It is best to tie the fruit in a nylon mesh and leave it immersed in the solution. This obviates the need for filtering later.  Also, the contents of the nylon bag could be reused a few times in subsequent solutions.  And there is no need to mash the fruit when we use this technique.


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