Horticulture
Horticulture :: Flower Crops :: Jathimalli

JATHI MALLI (PITCHI) Jasminum grandiflorum L.
Oleaceae

Varieties                                                                                                                 
Co 1 ,Co 2 and Arka Surabhi are the popular varieties of jathimalli.

Co 1

Co 2

Soil and climate
Well drained red loamy soils and tropical climate are best suited.

Season of planting
Planting spreads from June - November.

Propagation

Terminal cuttings (12.5 - 15 cm long).
Layers or rooted cuttings are planted at 2.0 x 1.5 m spacing (3350 plants/ha) in 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm pits.

Field preparation and planting 
Layers or rooted cuttings are planted at 2.0 x 1.5 m spacing (3350 plants/ha) in 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm pits.

Irrigation
Irrigation is done once in 10 days.

Provided immediately after planting followed by weekly irrigation depending upon weather conditions.

Manuring
FYM @ 10 kg/pit is applied before planting. NPK @ 60:120:120g/plant/year is applied in 2 equal splits during December (after pruning) and June-July.  

Micronutrients

Foliar spray ofZnSO40.25% + MgSO40.5% + FeSO40.5% (In case of expression of micronutrient deficiency, spraying should be done at fortnightly intervals until the chlorotic symptoms disappear).

Biofertilizers

Soil application of2 kg each of Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria per ha at the time of planting. It is to be mixed with 100kg of FYM and applied in pits.

Pruning
Pruning is done during the last week of December to 45 cm height from ground level.

Plant protection
Pests
Bud worm
Bud worm can be controlled by spraying Monocrotophos 2 ml/lit to control.
Spray Profenofos 50 EC @ 1 ml/lit or Thiochloprid 240 SC @ 2 ml/l

Holotrichia beetle   
Install light trap to attract the adults immediately after summer rain.
Incorporate Lindane 1.3 D into the soil @ 25 g/bush.

Red spider mite
Spray wettable sulphur 50 WP @ 2 g/l or Propargite 57 % EC @ 2ml/l or Fenazaquin 10 % EC @ 2 ml/l

White ants
To control, dust Lindane 1.3 D to the pits before planting at 5 g/pit.

Diseases
Leaf spot
Spraying of Mancozeb @ 2.5g/l from the onset of monsoon at monthly intervals will control the disease occurence.

Season of flowering and harvest
Flowering starts from May to October. Fully developed unopened flower buds are picked in the morning for fresh flower trade. For oil extraction opened flowers are to be picked before 10 a.m. 

Flower opening

Opened flowers for oil extraction

Yield
The flower yield is 11 t/ha of flower buds
About 29 kg/ha of Jasmine concretes can be obtained.

Flowers: 11 t/ha; concrete recovery: 0.25 - 0.32 %.

Source 
1. http://jabalamelnursery.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=blogcategory&id=14&Itemid=33
2. http://www.lillanatura.com/magentina/immagini/gelsomino.jpg
3. http://toptropicals.com/pics/garden/04/3000/2672.jpg 

 

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