Agriculture
Crop Production :: Forage Crops :: Guinea Grass

 

Guinea Grass

Season and Varieties

Zone District/ Season Month Varieties
Irrigated   CO 2 and CO (GG) 3
All Districts Throughout the year
Rain fed  
All Districts Jun – Sep / Oct - Nov

Particulars of Guinea Grass Varieties

PARTICULARS CO 2 CO (GG) 3
Parentage CO 1 x Centenario Clonal selection from Mumbasa
Duration (Days) Perennial Perennial
Green fodder yield (t/ha/year) 270 (7harvests) 340-360 (7harvests)
Morphological characters
Plant height (cm) 150-200 210-240
Number of tillers/clump 80-100 40-50
Leaf length (cm) 65-75 97- 110
Leaf width (cm) 2.5-2.9 3.2 - 4.5
Leaf-stem ratio - 0.73
Quality characters
Dry matter (%) 25.94 20.2
Crude protein (%) 8.92 6.35
Crude fibre (%) 34.6 30.3
Phosphorus (%) 0.29 0.19
Calcium (%) 0.59 -
Magnesium (ppm) 0.38 -
IVDMD (%) 49.5 -

 

1. Season

:

Throughout the year under irrigated conditions.

 

Suitable for growing during monsoon season under rainfed condition

2. Soil

:

Comes up in all types of soils. Heavy clay and  water logged soils are not suitable.

3. Preparatory
    cultivation

:

Plough 2 to 3 times to obtain a good tilth and form
ridges and furrows 50 cm apart.

4. Manures and fertilizers

:

Basal

FYM          -           25 tonnes/ha

NPK          -           50: 50: 40 kg/ha

Top Dressing

50 kg N 30 days after planting

50 kg N /ha after each cut

5. Spacing

:

50 x 50 cm 

6. Seed rate

:

Rooted Slips 40,000 /ha

7. Weed Management

:

Hand weeding whenever necessary.

8. Water management

:

Immediately after planting, life irrigation on 3rd Day and thereafter once in 10 days depending on soil type and weather parameters

9. Plant protection

:

Generally not required

10. Harvest

:

The first harvest 75 - 80 days after planting and subsequent harvests are made at an interval of 40 - 45 days.

11. Green fodder yield

:

320 t/ha/year (in 7 harvests).