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Season and Varieties :: Rice

RICE (Oryza sativa L.)

Rice Seasons of Tamil Nadu

Month of sowing
Season Duration (Days) Districts
Dec - Jan Navarai < 120 Tiruvallur, Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Cuddalore, Villupuram, Tiruchirapalli, Perambalur, Karur, Nagapattinam, Madurai, Theni, Salem,
Namakkal, Dindigul, Dharmapuri, Coimbatore,
Erode and Pudukkottai.
Apr - May Sornavari <120 Tiruvallur, Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Cuddalore, Villupuram, Namakkal, Dharmapuri
Apr - May May - June Early Kar
Kar
<120 Tirunelveli, Kanyakumari, Thoothukudi, Erode, Coimbatore, Madurai,
Theni, Dindigul, Salem, Namakkal, Dharmapuri.
June - July Kuruvai <120 Tiruchirapalli, Perambalur, Karur, Thanjavur, Nagapattinam, Tiruvarur, Pudukottai, Erode
July - Aug. Early Samba 130 to 135 Tiruvallur, Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Salem, Namakkal, Cuddalore, Villupuram, Madurai,
Theni, Ramanathapuram, Dharmapuri,
Coimbatore, Erode, Pudukkottai, The Nilgiris
August Samba 130 - 135 and >150 All districts
Sep - Oct Late Samba
Thaladi/Pishanam
130 - 135 Tiruvallur, Madurai, Theni, Coimbatore, Erode
Sep -Oct Late Pishanam 130 - 135 Madurai, Theni, Dindigul, Kanyakumari,
Tirunelveli , Thoothukudi
Oct - Nov Late Thaladi 115 -120 Thanjavur, Nagapattinam, Tiruvarur,
Tiruchirapalli, Perambalur, Karur

Season and Varieties (Please Click, each variety for more details under Cauvery Delta Zone)

Zone District / Season Month Varieties
1. Cauvery Delta Zone
a. Thanjavur / Tiruvarur
Kuruvai June -July

ADT36 , ADT43 , ADT(R)45 , ADT53 , ADT55 , ADT56 , ADT57 ,
CO51 , CO54 , CO55 ,
TPS5 , MDU6 , ASD 16, TRY 5*

Samba

August

ADT51 , ADT52 , CR1009 Sub1 , CR1009, TRY3*

Late Samba / Thaladi

Sep -Oct

ADT38, ADT39, ADT46 ,ADT54,
CO43, CO43 sub.1, CO52, CO50,
Improved White Ponni,
TKM13 , TRY3* , TRY4*, IR20 and CORH4

Navarai

Dec -Jan

ADT36 , ADT43 , ADT(R)45 , ADT53 , ADT55 , ADT56 , ADT57 ,
CO51 , CO54, CO55,
TPS5 , MDU6 , ASD16, TRY 5*

b. Nagapattinam / Mayiladuthurai

Kuruvai

July

ADT36, ADT43, ADT(R)45, ADT53, ADT55, ADT56, ADT57,
CO51, CO54, CO55,
TPS5, MDU6, ASD16, TRY5

Samba - Transplanted and Semi dry cultivation (Normal sowing)

August

IADT51, ADT52, CR1009 Sub1

Late Samba / Thaladi - Transplanted and Semi dry or wet direct seeding cultivation (Delayed Sowing)

September

ADT38, ADT39, ADT46, ADT54,
CO43, CO43 sub.1,CO50, CO52,
Improved White Ponni, TKM13, TRY3, IR20, TRY4and CORH4

Navarai

Dec -Jan

ADT36, ADT43, ADT(R)45, ADT53, ADT55, ADT56, ADT57,
CO51, CO54, CO55,
TPS5, MDU6, ASD16, TRY5

c. Tiruchirapalli / Ariyalur / Perambalur / Karur

Kuruvai

June-July

ADT36, ADT43, ADT(R)45, ADT53, ADT55, ADT56, ADT57,
CO51, CO54, CO55,
TPS5, MDU6, ASD16, TRY5

Samba / Thaladi

Aug -Sep

ADT38, ADT39, ADT46, ADT51, ADT52, ADT54, CR1009 Sub1,TRY 3*,
CO43, CO43 sub.1,CO50, CO52,
Improved White Ponni,
TKM13, TRY3, TRY4, IR20 and CORH4

Navarai

Dec -Jan

ADT36, ADT43, ADT(R)45, ADT53, ADT55, ADT56, ADT57,
CO51, CO54, CO55, TPS5,
MDU6, ASD16, TRY5

II. North Eastern Zone
a. Kanchipuram / Thiruvallur

Sornavari

April-May

ADT36, ADT43, ADT(R)45, ADT53, ADT55, ADT56, ADT57,
CO51, CO54, CO55,
TPS5, MDU6, ASD16, TRY5

Samba

Aug-Sep

ADT39, ADT38, ADT54, TKM13, VGD1, Imp.White Ponni, CO(R)50, CO43, CO52, ADT(R)46, TRY3,IR20 and CORH4

Navarai

Dec-Jan

ADT36, ADT43, ADT(R)45, ADT53, ADT55, ADT56, ADT57,
CO51, CO54, CO55, TPS5, MDU6, ASD16, TRY5

Rainfed direct seeded and Semi-dry

July-Aug

TKM11, TKM12, TKM15, PMK3, Anna(R)4, CO53, ADT36, ADT37, ADT45, ADT56, ADT57, CO54, CO55, MDU6, TRY5

b. Vellore/Tiruvannamalai

Sornavari

April-May

ADT36, ADT37, ADT43, ADT(R)45, ADT53, ADT55, ADT56, ADT57,
CO51, CO54, CO55,
TPS5, MDU6, ASD16, TRY5

Samba

Aug-Sep

ADT39, ADT38, ADT(R)46, ADT54,
TKM13, VGD1, Imp.White Ponni, CO43, CO(R)50, CO52, TRY3, IR20 and CORH4

Navarai

Dec-Jan

ADT 57, ADT 56, ADT 55, ADT 53, ADT (R) 45, ADT 43, ADT 37, ADT 36, CO 55, CO 54, CO 51, TPS 5, MDU 6,ASD 16, TRY 5

C. Cuddalore/ Villupuram

Sornavari

April -May

ADT 36,ADT 37,ADT 43,ADT (R) 45,ADT 53,ADT 55,ADT 56,ADT 57,
CO 51,CO 54,CO 55,
TPS 5, MDU 6,ASD 16, TRY 5

Samba

Aug-Sep

ADT 51,ADT 52,CR 1009 Sub 1,CO 50,TRY 3

 

Sep-Oct

ADT 38,ADT 39,ADT 54,CO 52,TKM 13,VGD 1, Imp.White Ponni,
CO (R) 50, CO 43, ADT (R) 46, TRY 3, IR 20 and CORH 4

Navarai

Dec-Jan

ADT 36,ADT 37,ADT 43,ADT (R) 45,ADT 53,ADT 55,ADT 56,ADT 57,
CO 51,CO 54,CO 55, T
PS 5,MDU 6,ASD 16,TRY 5

III. Western Zone
a. Coimbatore / Tirupur / Erode / Non Delta regions of Karur
Kar

May-June

ADT36, ADT37, ADT43, ADT(R)45, ADT53, ADT55, ADT56, ADT57,
CO51, CO54, CO55,
TPS5, MDU6, ASD16, TRY5

Samba

Aug-Sep

ADT38, ADT39 and ADT(R) 46, ADT54,CO (R) 50,CO5,
TKM13, VGD1, CO43, Imp.WhitePonni,CORH 4,

Navarai

Dec -Jan

ADT36, ADT37, ADT43, ADT(R)45, ADT53, ADT55, ADT56, ADT57,
CO51, CO54, CO55, T
PS5, MDU6,ASD16,TRY5

b. b. Non-Delta regions of Karur / Perambalu / Ariyalur

Kuruvai

Jun -Jul

ADT36, ADT37, ADT43,ADT(R)45, ADT53, ADT55, ADT56, ADT57,
CO51, CO54, CO55,
TPS5, MDU6, CORH3, ASD16, TRY5

Samba Aug

CR 1009 Sub1, TNAU Rice ADT 50, ADT51, CR1009

Late Samba / Thaladi

Sep - Oct

ADT54, CO52, TKM13, VGD1, CO(R)50, ADT39, ADT38, CO43,
Imp.White Ponni, ADT(R)46, TRY 3*, TRY 4*, CORH 4,

Navarai Dec–Jan

ADT36, ADT37, ADT43, ADT(R)45, ADT57, ADT56, ADT55, ADT53,
CO51, CO54, CO55, TPS5, MDU6, CORH3, ASD16,TRY5

IV. North Western Zone
a. Salem / Namakkal

Kar

May - Jun

ADT36, ADT37, ADT43, ADT(R)45, ADT53, ADT55, ADT56, ADT57,
CO55, CO54, CO51,
TPS5, MDU6, ASD16,TRY5

Samba

Aug

ADT38, ADT39 and ADT(R)46, ADT54, CO52, TKM13, VGD1, CO43, Imp.WhitePonni, CORH4, CO(R)50

Navarai

Dec -Jan

ADT (R)49, ADT36, ASD16, ASD18, MDU5, CO47, ADT43, ADT45, CORH3
b. Dharmapuri / Krishnagiri

Kar

May - Jun

ADT36, ADT37, ADT43,ADT(R)45, ADT53, ADT55, ADT56, ADT57,
CO51, CO54, CO55,
TPS5, MDU6, ASD16, TRY5

Samba

Aug

ADT54, CO52, TKM13, VGD1, CO43, Imp.WhitePonni,
CORH4, CO(R)50, ADT38, ADT39 and ADT(R) 46

Navarai

Dec - Jan

ADT37, ADT36, ADT43, ADT(R)45, ADT53, ADT55, ADT56, ADT57,
CO51, CO54, CO55,
TPS5, MDU6,ASD16, TRY5

V. High Altitude zone
a. The Nilgiris
Samba

May -Jun

ADT36, ADT37, ADT43, CO47, ADT(R)45,
ADT(R)47, ASD16, ASD18, MDU5, CORH 3 4

VI. Southern zone
a. Pudukottai
Kuruvai

Jun -Jul

ADT37, ADT36, ADT43, ADT(R)45, ADT53, ADT55, ADT56, ADT57,
CO51, CO54, CO55,
TPS5, MDU6, ASD16,TRY 5*

Samba Aug ADT51 , ADT52 , CR1009 Sub1, CR1009, TRY3*

Late Samba / Thaladi

Sep -Oct

ADT38, ADT39, ADT46, ADT54, CO52, CO50, CO43, CO43 sub.1, Imp.White Ponni, TKM13, TRY3*, TRY 4*, IR 20 and CORH 4

Rainfed direct seeded/ Semi dry Aug CR 1009 Sub1, CR 1009, ADT 39, ADT 51, ADT 54, CO 52, CO 50, TKM13, Imp.White Ponni, IR 20
Delta regions Sep -Oct

ADT 38, ADT 39, ADT 46,ADT 54,CO 50, CO 52, TKM 13, Imp.White Ponni, TRY 3*

Salt affected areas  

TRY 1, TRY 2, TRY 3 and Co 43

b. Madurai/Dindigul/Theni

Kar

May -Jun

ADT 36,ADT 37,ADT 43, ADT (R) 45,ADT 53,ADT 55,ADT 56,ADT 57,
CO 51,CO 54,CO 55,
TPS 5,MDU 6,ASD 16,TRY 5*

Samba/ Late Samba

Aug- Sep

ADT 39, ADT 38,ADT 46,ADT 54, CO 52, CO 50, CO 43, CO 43 sub.1, Imp.White Ponni, TKM 13, TRY 3*, TRY 4*, IR 20 and CORH 4

Navarai

Dec -Jan

ADT 36,ADT 37,ADT 43,ADT (R) 45,ADT 53,ADT 55,ADT 56,ADT 57,
CO 51,CO 54,CO 55,
TPS 5,MDU 6,ASD 16,TRY 5*

Semi-dry

Jul -Aug

Anna (R) 4,MDU 5,PMK (R) 3,TKM 15,CO 53,ADT 45

c. Ramanathapuram

Samba

Aug ADT 38,ADT 39,ADT 46,ADT 54,
CO 52, CO 50, CO 43, CO 43 sub.1,
Imp.White Ponni, TKM 13, TRY 3*, TRY 4*, IR 20 and CORH 4

Rainfed direct seeded & Semi-dry

Jul -Aug

ADT 36, TKM 10, TKM (R) 12, PMK (R) 3, Anna (R) 4

d. Virudhunagar
Samba Aug ADT 38,ADT 39,ADT 46,ADT 54,
CO 43,CO 43 sub.1,CO 50,CO 52
Imp.White Ponni, TKM 13, TRY 3*, TRY 4*, IR 20 and CORH 4
Rainfed direct seeded & Semidry Jul -Aug Anna (R) 4, MDU 5,MDU 6, PMK (R) 3,CO 53,TKM 15,ADT 45
e. Sivaganga
Semi-dry Jul-Aug Anna (R) 4,MDU 5,MDU 6, PMK (R) 3,CO 53,TKM 15,ADT 45
f. Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi
Early kar Apr - May

ADT 36,ADT 37,ADT 43,ADT (R) 45,ADT 53,ADT 55,ADT 56,ADT 57,
CO 51,CO 54,CO 55,
TPS 5, MDU 6,ASD 16, TRY 5*

Kar May -Jun

ADT 36,ADT 37,ADT 43,ADT (R) 45,ADT 53,ADT 55,ADT 56,ADT 57,
CO 51,CO 54,CO 55,
TPS 5, MDU 6,ASD 16, TRY 5*

Pishanam/Late Pishanam Sep-Oct.

ADT 38,ADT 39,ADT 46,ADT 54,TPS 3,CO 52, CO 50, CO 43, CO 43 sub.1, Imp.White Ponni, TKM 13, TRY 3*, TRY 4*, IR 20 and CORH 4

VII. High Rainfall zone
a. Kanyakumari
Kar May -Jun

ADT 36,ADT 37,ADT 43,ADT (R) 45,ADT 53,ADT 55,ADT 56,ADT 57,
CO 51,CO 54,CO 55,
TPS 5, MDU 6,ASD 16, TRY 5*

Pishanam/Late Pishanam Sep-Oct.

TPS 3,ADT 38,ADT 39,ADT 46, ADT 54, CO 50,CO 52, CO 43, CO 43 sub.1,
Imp.White Ponni, TKM 13, TRY 3*, TRY 4*, IR 20 and CORH 4

Semi-dry Jul-Aug

Anna (R) 4, MDU 5, MDU 6, PMK (R) 3, CO 53, TKM 15, ADT 45

* suitable for salt affected soils
Note of Caution of the varieties: IR 50 and ADT43 are recommended for Kar, Sornavari and Kuruvai seasons and should not be grown during cold weather period. Improved White Ponni is also susceptible to blast and care should be taken on plant protection measures. All samba/late samba season varieties are likely to get infected with false smut and hence prophylactic spraying has to be adopted.

 

Updated on Jan 2023

 

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