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Resource Management :: Water :: Irrigation Source of India

Irrigation Source of India


Source :

The various irrigation sources may be classified into river, tank and well irrigation systems.


Large perennial rivers have facilitated the development of river irrigation extensively in many states, particularly in UP, AP, Punjab, Haryana, MP, and Rajasthan. Well irrigation is predominant in UP, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharastra and Madhya Pradesh. Copious supply of water from underground springs, within manageable depths, facilitates the development of lift irrigation.

River irrigation systems of India

India has been divided into six basins for the assessment of the available water Resources.

Precipitation (M.ha.m.) (1m ha m=370 tmc)
S.No. Basins Total Runoff
i) Indus basin (Ravi, Beas, Sutlej) 19.8 7.9
ii) Ganga system
(Ganga, Yamuna, Chambal, Gogra, Gandtak, Kosi)
108 49
iii) Brahmaputra system (Brahmaputra, Subansiri, Manas, Teesta) 62 38
iv) East coast
(Cauvery, Krishna, Godavari, Mahanadi, Subarnarekha, Damodan)
132 41
v) West coast (Tapti, Narmada, Mahi, Subarmathi) 60 31
vi) Rajputana region (Rajasthan) 4.9 -