Major Areas :: IFS :: IFS for Different Agroclimatic Zones


Integrated farming system models will vary widely in each agro-climatic zones with very high location specific natural resource availability like rainfall, and other climatic factors, soil types and market demand. Based on the agro-ecological condition and successful cropping systems adopted in each zone specific faming system models proposed based on the research carried out and could be recommended with slight modification for each agro-climatic zone of Tamil Nadu.


Possible components

  1. Cropping (0.90 ha) + fishery (0.10 ha) + poultry (50 layers) + 5 kg oyster mushroom production /day.
  2. Rice-Gingelly-Maize and Rice-Soybean-Sunflower in 0.90 ha + polyculture fish rearing (0.10 ha), Pigeon (100 pairs) and 5kg mushroom production per day
  3. Goat (20 female + one male) + fish (400 numbers of polyculture) + improved cropping system for wetlands

Integration of cropping in 0.90 ha with fishery in 0.10 ha, 50 layers of poultry and 5 kg oyster mushroom production per day will result in higher net return of Rs.35,000/ha/ year (or) Integration of Rice-Gingelly-Maize and Rice-Soybean-Sunflower in 0.90 ha with 0.10 ha polyculture fish rearing, 100 pairs of pigeon and 5kg mushroom production per day could result in higher return of Rs.88, 700 in one ha farming with additional employment of 300 man days/year. The highest net return of Rs.1, 31,118 could be possible by integration of goat (20 female + one male), fish (400 numbers of polyculture), along with improved cropping system for wetlands.

Irrigated upland

Integration of six crossbred milch animal with 2 m3 biogas production, 2 kg mushroom production and 20 bottles of mushroom spawn with farm forestry and homestead garden results in higher net return of Rs.34, 580 with 1250 man days employment in one hectare farming under irrigated upland condition.



Biogas plant

Rainfed land

Integration of grain crop cultivation + fodder production + silvipastoral trees involving trees like subabul, acacia sp., and thorn less prosophis interplanted with cenchrus grasses and rearing of 20 female + one male of Tellicherry goat results in additional income of Rs. 5970/ ha in rainfed farming.


  1. Crop cultivation in rainfed lands can be integrated with 3 milch cows, 6 layers of poultry in 0.80 ha land area will fetch additional income (or)
  2. Integration of cropping with 2 milch animal, 6 goats in 1.25 ha rainfed land, out of which 0.25 ha with mulberry cultivation for sericulture results in the net return of Rs. 28, 580/year.


To obtain higher income and regular employment in hilly zone, crop cultivation can be integrated with 2 milch cows, 6 poultry layers and 9 broilers.


  1. Integration of rice based cropping with 2 milch cows resulted in a net return of Rs. 19, 900 (or)
  2. Crop cultivation along with goat rearing (6 Nos.) fetched Rs. 25,400 (or)
  3. Cropping with duck and fish rearing resulted in a net return of Rs. 24,110. When the above system is integrated with mushroom cultivation has resulted in a net return of Rs. 25,000 per year.


    Rice based cropping + fish rearing + poultry in one ha land area fetched an additional income of Rs. 9530 in Periyar - Vaigai Command Area.
    • Milch cow + fish rearing + rice based cropping system in wetlands of Tirunelveli district will fetch revenue of Rs. 25,210 as net income. 
    • In rainfed black clay soil, cropping + fruit tree cultivation + goat rearing resulted in better returns.