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Major Areas :: Green Manuring :: Agronomy of Green Leaf Manure Crops


Agronomy of Green Leaf Manure Crops

Green Leaf Manure

Glyricidia (Glyricidia maculata Syn. G.sepium)

  1. Introduced shrub & spread by massive campaign in India during 1950s
  2. Under favourable conditions of soil and climate, it takes up a tree habit
  3. Quick growing tree are often used for shade and green leaf manure in tea, coffee and cocoa plantations.
  4. It can be planted on alternate field bunds of wetland, 1 to 2 m apart, or as a thick hedge by close planting in three to four rows at 0.5 m spacing or along field border as tall shrubs giving support to the fence line or along farm roads on both sides for the production of green leaf
  5. For green leaf purposes, the shrub could be kept low by pruning or lopping at convenient heights
  6. The shrub is pruned two to three times a year and it withstands repeated lopping and the height is restricted to 2 - 3 m
  7. Glyricidia do not affect the growth of cultivated crops with their shade effect.
  8. Glyricida can be propagated by planting stem cuttings or seedlings
  9. Each plant gives 5 to 10 kg of green leaves annually

Pungam (Derris indica Syn. Pongamia glabra)

  1. Leguminous, moderate sized ever green tree
  2. It grows in coastal forests, on river banks and on tank bunds mostly along streams, wastelands and road sides
  3. Trees are established by means of planting two to three months old seedlings, 4 to 5 m Apart
  4. Lopping may be taken once or twice a year
  5. A tree yields approximately 100 to 150 kg of green material per lopping.

Ipomoea cornea

  1. Quick growing, profusely branching and highly drought resistant weed
  2. It gives abundant green leafy material in short time
  3. It is multiplied by means of mature stem cuttings
  4. Two to three lopping can be taken in a year
  5. Each plant will give about 5 to 7 kg of green matter per lopping.

Neem (Azadirachta indica)

  1. Profusely branching, large ever green tree and gives plenty of foliage
  2. It comes up in all types of soil
  3. The trees are grown along field borders, rivers banks, roads, waste lands and also in garden lands and homestead gardens.
  4. Trees are established by planting seedlings at a spacing of 5 to 6 m
  5. One or two lopping in a year are taken in favourable seasons, each lopping weighing about 150 to 200 kg of green matter.


  1. Tropical ever-green tree which thrives in all types of soils
  2. It is propagated by stem cuttings
  3. Two or three lopping of green leaves are taken in a year during favourable seasons
  4. Tree possess medicinal value


Updated on : 2013


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