Crop Production :: Oil Seeds:: Niger
NIGER (Guizotia abyssinica)
II. DESCRIPTION OF VARIETIES
PREPARATION OF THE FIELD
1. FIELD PREPARATION
a) Plough with tractor 2-3 times with a mould board plough or 5 times with a country plough.
2. APPLICATION OF FYM
a) Spread 12.5 t of FYM or compost or composted coir pith per ha evenly and incorporate in the soil. b) If the manure is not applied before commencement of ploughing, spread the manure evenly before the last ploughing and incorporate in the soil.
Apply N at 20 kg/ha basally.
4. SEED RATE
Adopt a seed rate of 5 kg/ha.
Adopt a spacing of 30 cm between rows and 10 cm between plants.
6. SELECTION OF GOOD QUALITY SEEDS
Select mature good quality seeds, free from pest damage and fungal attack.
7. PRE-TREATMENT OF SEEDS WITH FUNGICIDES
a) Treat with Carbendazim or Thiram at 4 g/kg of seed in a polythene bag and ensure a uniform coating of the fungicide over the seed. b) Treat the seeds 24 hours prior to sowing.
a. Sow the seeds in line at a depth of 2 to 3 cm and cover with soil. b. Sow using gorru or country plough.
9. THINNING OUT SEEDLINGS
Thin out the seedlings to a spacing of 10 cm between plants on the 15th day of sowing.
10. WEED MANAGEMENT
Hoe and weed on 20th and 35th day of sowing.
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